財團法人高等教育國際合作基金會

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  • 2017-08-16

    【高教趨勢/德國】高等教育機構迅速擴張,使教育品質難以受到保障

     全世界對於教育的需求持續增加,此現象反應在高等教育的迅速擴張,尤其是私立機構的急速成長。這也使得教學品質難以受到保障。保障高等教育教學品質,將是我們要共同面對的問題,儘管我們有著不同的國家背景。

    中文重點摘要:

    1. 來自世界47所大學的領導者,齊聚德國漢堡參與「第二屆世界領袖會議」,會議主題為:世界學術趨勢與學術自由之威脅。
    2. 全世界對於教育的需求持續增加,此現象反應在高等教育的迅速擴張,尤其是私立機構的急速成長。這也使得教學品質難以受到保障。
    3. 德國大學校長協會(German Rectors’ Conference)會長Horst Hippler提到,保障高等教育教學品質,將是我們要共同面對的問題,儘管我們有著不同的國家背景。
    4. 我們希望有一個機會均等的世界,因此如何確保私立或國立高等教育機構,不在追求迅速發展下犧牲掉必要的品質標準,就成了我們需要關注的全球性議題。
    5. 不同類型的高等教育機構,必須要有清楚的職責分工,是目前的學術趨勢。
    6. 高等教育體系中的研究型大學,被社會賦予了特殊責任。而所有高等教育機構,不分規模大小、資金來源、任務及資歷,均有其重要性。
    7. 只有在大學自主權受到尊重的條件下,一個社會才是真正的自由。如果學術自由受到威脅,代表整個民主也受到威脅。

    英文重點摘要

    1. The leaders of 47 universities from around the world discussed the impacts of the trend towards academisation and dangers to academic freedom at the second Hamburg Transnational University Leaders Council.
    2. Worldwide, the demand for an academic education continues to grow. The result is the rapid expansion of higher education institutions; the private sector, in particular, is booming. In countries throughout the world, it is thus becoming increasingly difficult to safeguard the quality of higher education.
    3. “Safeguarding the quality of educational programmes is one of the shared challenges we face, regardless of our very disparate national situations.”, said Prof Dr Horst Hippler
    4. “We want a fairer distribution of opportunities in life across the world. Ensuring that the rapid expansion of higher education institutions – whether they be private or state-run – does not come at the cost of the requisite standards is therefore a global issue we need to address.”
    5. Academisation trend demands clear-cut division of responsibilities between types of higher education institutions.
    6. The declaration highlights the special responsibility of research universities within the higher education system given their formative role in society. At the same time, it underlines the significance of all post-secondary institutions – no matter what their size, the basis of their funding or their mission and profile.
    7. “A society can only be free if we also respect the autonomy of the universities.”, says Dr Lothar Dittmer, Chair of the Executive Board of the Körber Foundation. “Where academic freedom is endangered, democracy as a whole is also under threat.”

    完整文章內容請見附件。

    註:本文章由傅慧雯專員整理、翻譯,已獲得德國大學校長協會同意轉載。如需引用,請註明出處。

     

    聯絡資訊

    傅慧雯  kiara@fichet.org.tw

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